June 16, 2024
March Gardening Guide: Prepare beds, prune and plant

With the formal begin of spring just a number of months away, now is the time to prepare your yard for the upcoming bouquets, greens and plants you’d like to get pleasure from via the impending time and into the summer season and drop months.

White blooms on a Mexican plum tree at The Gardens at Texas A&M>
Prune spring flowering trees and shrubs as quickly as they end blooming. (Texas A&M AgriLife picture by Laura McKenzie)

“If you have not currently finished so, now is the time to put together ultimate beds for planting flowers and vegetables,” claimed Larry Stein, Ph.D., horticulture professional at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Uvalde. “You might want to contemplate renting or shopping for a garden tiller to velocity up the process having said that, a robust back again and a back garden fork will still do an great work.”

He stated for just about every 100 square feet of mattress location, get the job done in a quite a few-inch layer of both compost, pine bark or sphagnum peat moss, furthermore 5 pounds of a 3-1-2 fertilizer like 15-5-10. 

Pruning of evergreens and summertime flowering trees and shrubs is generally finished in early March nonetheless, it is ideal to just take a wait-and-see solution this 12 months, mentioned Stein. Prune spring flowering trees and shrubs as before long as they finish blooming. Now is also a key time to set up, renovate and/or aerate lawns.

Stein, who is also an associate department head and professor inside the Office of Horticultural Sciences in the Texas A&M University of Agriculture and Daily life Sciences, made available supplemental gardening recommendations for March.

Look at your region’s freeze date

Tomatoes on the vine. The color varies from green to red in various stages of ripening. Tomatoes are among the plants gardeners should prepare for a late frost should one occur.
Tomato and pepper are between the crops gardeners really should preserve an eye on in March. Texans really should have a system to get ready for a late frost should really a person happen. (Texas A&M AgriLife image by Laura McKenzie)

See the planting guideline on the Aggie Horticulture web-site for your area’s common previous killing freeze day. Bear in mind, although, that killing freezes can take place following this day. Stein said North Texans continue to have time to plant seeds of their favored annuals in flats to transplant outdoors when the danger of frost is earlier. 

Maintain an eye on tomato, pepper transplants

Typically, tomato and pepper plants started out outside from seed will grow so promptly that they will capture up with industrial vegetation in dimensions within a couple months. Stein stated for quite a few gardeners, this is the only way to acquire scarce or heirloom kinds.

But because this has been a winter season with erratic temperature patterns, it’s greatest to preserve an eye on young tomato transplants so that they could be included if the threat of a late frost happens. He also stated gardeners should not be in a hurry to established out younger pepper crops. Wait around till the temperatures feel to be settled. 

Plant warm-time veggies

Yellow squash on the vine
March is the time to plant heat-season vegetables. (Texas A&M AgriLife by Laura McKenzie)

Plant warm-year greens from seed. The planting manual can propose key planting instances for corn, beans, squash and other vegetables. 

Pot up to defend from frost, repot for summertime color

Lots of gardeners choose to pot up their transplants in greater containers to expand a far more in depth root process prior to planting and to make it easy to move the vegetation inside of in circumstance of a late spring frost. Repot overgrown container vegetation as properly as plant containers of tropical vegetation for a spectacular screen of summertime shade.

Select and purchase crops

Now is the time to pick and get caladium tubers, as very well as geranium and coleus crops for late April and early May possibly planting. Do not plant caladiums until eventually soil temperature reaches 70 levels. 

Beware of what you buy

Beware of shut-out revenue on bare-root trees and shrubs. The opportunity of survival is reasonably very low on bare-root plants this late in the time. Your finest wager at this time of 12 months is to count on container-developed or balled and burlapped crops for landscape use.

Prepare and plan for colour

Begin hanging baskets of petunias and other annuals for an additional dimension in landscape shade. Plant dahlia tubers in fertile, effectively-drained soil. Blue plumbago can be planted now for year-extensive, very low-maintenance colour.

It is normally cold hardy to Zone 8 and in sheltered sites in other places. Despite the fact that tolerant of sunny disorders, blue plumbago prefers a small safety from the hot afternoon sun. It is quite drought-tolerant and blooms from spring till frost. 

Fertilize flowers

Red roses in bloom at The Gardens at Texas A&M. A single bud opening stretches above the open blooms,
Starting up in March, roses ought to be fertilized regularly by way of September. (Texas A&M AgriLife picture by Laura McKenzie)

Fertilize roses every single four to 6 months from now until finally September. As camellia and azalea plants end blooming, fertilize them with 3 lbs of azalea-camellia fertilizer. Look at mulch on azalea and camellia beds and increase the place needed. 

Divide summer season and tumble perennials

Dig and divide summer months and slide flowering perennials just ahead of they initiate their spring progress. One particular attractive begonia plant can generate a variety of some others by means of very careful rooting of stem cuttings.

Slender wildflower seedlings

Now is a time to thin larkspur and other wildflower seedlings. Crops will bloom significantly far better if thinned to about 4 inches aside. Transplant or share the extras with gardening close friends.

Delight in spring-blooming wildflowers and make a notice to not mow right up until they have set and realized their seed. Wildflowers will answer to fertilizer just as other crops do.

Obtain oak leaves for mulch

Carry on to acquire oak leaves to amend your planting beds they are gradual to crack down, so they make an excellent mulch the 1st calendar year but will significantly assistance the tilth of the soil in the coming several years.